Welcome to Book 1 of True Democracy - The way forward to a better world

 

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Contents

 

I. The purpose of a Government is to serve the people.

 

II. UN must have the duty of removing self-serving governments.

 

III. Some human rights are absolute and may not be altered by national governments.

 

IV. Action Plan

 

I. The purpose of a Government is to serve the people (not the other way around).

 

In ancient times the king’s power was absolute. He owned the whole country and his people. His subjects were there to serve him and nobody questioned that this was his right. He would go to war simply for the pleasure of extending his power and glory with no regard for the suffering of his people who were indoctrinated to follow him blindly.

 

With the advent of democracy (in ancient Greece two and a half thousand years ago) this absolute power was being questioned and senate replaced the king. This first fragile democracy eventually succumbed as an invading ruler, Alexander the Great, conquered the country. Ancient Rome was also a democracy for about 500 years until Caesar seized power. It was not until the eighteenth century philosophies starting with the Constitution of the USA in 1776 and the French Revolution in 1791 that the ideas of freedom, equality and brotherhood were starting to take root again. The first democracy in France was very tumultuous and short lived and was ended by Napoleon taking power. But Napoleon came from a humble background and his philosophy was to level the difference between the nobility and the peasants (while he himself had absolute power). He implemented these ideas in all the territories he conquered, which was most of Europe. After his demise the ideas were firmly established but it took until the end of World War One before most monarchies in Europe were replaced by republics with a democratically elected parliament. The countries which kept their monarchies eventually became “constitutional monarchies” where the real power rested with a parliament and a democratically elected government. Spain, Italy, Germany and Greece all had bumpy rides to achieve this but are now well established democracies.

 

The democratic principles are now so well established in Western Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand that almost nobody there would consider going back to a dictatorship of any form. Democracy brings freedom and that is something that is cherished by most human beings.

 

With the explosion in IT, citizens of countries which have so far not enjoyed this freedom have been able to see what the world outside their own country is like and they want the same freedom. In 1990 the Soviet Union fell and with it the dictatorships of its satellite states. The Arab countries are in the process of becoming democracies and prepared to spill blood over it.

 

On the basis of the above we will now make two bold statements:

 

1. Governments are there to serve the people, not the other way around.

 

2. Democracy is the only acceptable form of governance.

 

It is the only form that provides the citizens with the freedom that we all cherish.

 

There are those who advocate anarchy (which means no leader) in order to achieve full freedom.

But for a society to function well and above all to prevent it from falling back into dictatorship (which happened in Germany in 1934) there has to be a government. The basis of this government must always be to serve its people, not for its members to draw benefits from being in government.

 

To this end we need international and constitutional laws which regulate the power of government.

A large portion of this paper is devoted to how these laws should be formulated.

 

When there is political tension between countries it is usually due to tension between members of the ruling elite, not the ordinary citizens. When a country initiates war or uses its military to quash an internal uprising it is almost exclusively in order to maintain or extend the power of the ruling elite. There are very few incidents in history where this has not been the case. Then we must ask: Would the outcome have been the same if the leaders of both factions were democratically elected? Probably not! That brings us to the next two bold statements:

 

3. Every population group has the right to determine its government.

 

4. Land belongs to the people who occupy it, not to the government in power.

 

These two statements are a direct consequence of (1) above.

 

Things get complicated if two or more population groups live together and there is friction between them. Examples are Greeks and Turks in Cyprus, Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland, Arabs and Jews in Israel, Christians and Muslims in Lebanon, Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds in Iraq etc..

 

If their differences can not be reconciled the best solution is to divide the country like what happened in Cyprus and Czechoslovakia, but largely failed in Ireland as there were too many Catholics in the north. If a large number of people want to maintain the union it should serve as an incentive to reconcile and live in harmony.

 

When an ethnic (or otherwise) population group seeks independence, the natural reaction of the government leaders is that this break away group want to take away a part of “their” country and they will resist it with military force if necessary. What they fail to see is that the land is not theirs. It belongs to the people occupying it. This new way of thinking must be instilled into the mind of all political leaders.

 

Another bold statement:

 

5. Military force must never be used against a country’s own citizens.

 

Many countries have this in their constitution and it ought to be an absolute international law. Grievances must be resolved long before they result in military uprising.

 

 The solution to the unrest in Ukraine

 

 

 

II. UN must have the duty of removing self-serving governments.

 

When a country or population opposes its government and the government responds by military force, the conflicts usually escalates resulting in a lot of bloodshed. History tells us that if the uprising has the support of the majority of the people it will in the long run achieve victory but usually at the cost of many lives.

 

A far more effective way in terms of both lives saved and cost would be for an international court to convict the government leaders violating the above principles, especially (5) and to issue an execution order on one or more of the leaders of this government unless they immediately cease hostilities. If they fail to do that there should be a substantial reward for anyone (individual, organisation or country) bringing them down dead or alive. This would at least deter them from continuing.

 

6. When (5) is violated, the International Count must immediately prosecute the perpetrators.

 

If the punishment is going to fit the crime, the penalty should be death.

 

If a country fails to accept any of the above principles, it should be the responsibility of the international community to correct the situation. Unfortunately many large and powerful countries fail to observe them and can with the way UN is now constituted block any attempt to correct the situation. It is therefore necessary to reform UN or failing that build a new international organisation from scratch, where full membership and voting rights will only be open to those countries which respect the principles in this document. There will be a set of criteria to determine to what extent a country qualifies.

 

Another unfortunate situation is the hypocrisy and lack of integrity by most if not all countries. We happily trade with countries which are in severe breach of human rights. It could be argued that a trade embargo would harm the innocent citizens more than their malicious leaders. That is why it is important to remove these leaders by whatever means necessary.

 

 

III. Some human rights are absolute and may not be altered by national governments

 

United Nations’ Charter states:

 

WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED

AND FOR THESE ENDS

 

THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

 

can be found here: http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr

 

Clearly, a large number of nations do not respect many of the 30 articles in this declaration. This situation must no longer be tolerated. UN or its successor must take actions against the leaders of such countries. This will be much more effective than economic sanctions.

 

IV Action Plan

 

1.      Remove the government of North Korea. The leader is violating most of the human rights principles. He may easily become desperate and use nuclear force,

2.      Remove the government of Iran. It does not have popular support and may also in desperation use nuclear arms.

3.      Pursue the Chinese leaders to embrace democracy. This is likely to be a lengthy process but one that should be continuously pursued by anyone meeting with the Chinese ruling elite. China must also recognise that Taiwan’s future rests solely with the people of Taiwan. The same is also applies to Tibet.

4.      Settle the territorial claims between China Japan and The Philippines by mediation and international arbitration.

5.      Pursue the Russian leader in the same way as the Chinese to allow the formation political parties without persecution. Also explain to him that any population group is entitles to select its own leaders and secede from Russia if this is the wish of the majority of its people. (For example. Chechnya).

6.      Reform the UN such that countries not having good standing (i.e. not living up to the stipulations in this paper) as determined by an international court will have reduced voting right. Abolish or reform the Security Council so that it will act on decisions by the international court with no country having veto right.

7.      Remove any political leader in the rest of the world who does not respect democratic rights as determined by the international court.

8.      When the above has been done the likelihood of war will be greatly reduced and we can attend to the most serious problem facing the humanity today: The Population Explosion.       This will be dealt with is a separate document.

 


 

 

Appendix

 

THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

 

 

Article 1.

Article 2.

Article 3.

Article 4.

Article 5.

Article 6.

Article 7.

Article 8.

Article 9.

Article 10.

Article 11.

Article 12.

Article 13.

Article 14.

Article 15.

Article 16.

Article 17.

Article 18.

Article 19.

Article 20.

Article 21.

Article 22.

Article 23.

Article 24.

Article 25.

Article 26.

Article 27.

Article 28.

Article 29.

Article 30.

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